Lowell Beineke, Jack W. Schrey professor of mathematics; Adam Coffman, acting chair and professor of mathematics; and alumnus Lingxi Wu (’16) attended Mathfest 2016, the annual summer meeting of the Mathematical Association of America, in Columbus, Ohio.
Coffman gave a talk on “Perturbing Isolated Points of Real Algebraic Space Curves.”
Wu’s talk, “Computational Mathematics and Minimizing Energy,” was based on research he did at IPFW under the supervision of Peter Dragnev, professor of mathematics.
Wu’s attendance at Mathfest was supported in part by a grant from Pi Mu Epsilon, the national mathematics honor society.
Nancy Mann, clinical professor of dental hygiene, presented a full day continuing education course in Manila, Philippines at the Philippine Dental Hygienists’ Association Annual Session. The topic was Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy. She was invited to speak by the Philippine Society of Periodontology.
Mann also partnered with Dr. Holli Seabury, CEO of the Fort Wayne McMillen Center, to present a poster and white paper at the International Symposium of Dental Hygiene in Basel, Switzerland.
The topic of the presentations was “Brush to Text: A Multimedia text messaging intervention to improve the oral health of rural Head Start children.”
Twenty-three countries were represented at the peer reviewed conference, which is held once every three years.
John Licato, assistant professor of computer science, recently presented papers at international computing conferences in Italy and Netherlands.
At the 2016 International Association for Computing and Philosophy (IACAP) in Ferrara, Italy, he presented “Formalizing Confidence Propagation in Analogico-Inductive Reasoning.”
During the 2016 ECAI Workshop for Evaluating General-Purpose Artificial Intelligence (EGPAI) in The Hague, Netherlands, he presented “A Physically Realistic, General-Purpose Simulation Environment for Developmental AI Systems.”
From the abstracts:
Formalizing Confidence Propagation in Analogico-Inductive Reasoning — Although argument by analogy is studied and featured in many computational models, less appreciated is the ability to reason over analogies (RoA); i.e., not only being able to produce inferences in accordance with arguments by analogy, but having the ability to negate analogies, recognize and learn to avoid bad analogies, compare the relative strengths of analogies, reason about them nonmonotonically, evaluate hypothetical analogies, and so on. To do all of these things, one needs the ability to represent analogies (and not just the products of analogies) in such a way that the analogies themselves can be objects of reasoning processes (including analogy). We take a first step toward the full ability to reason over analogies by presenting a formalization, based on the cognitive event calculus, that treats analogical mappings and hypothetical inferences as objects between which confidence can be propagated. We will argue that computational models of analogy (both descriptive and normative) will need to use such a formalization, and then we show that our formalization provides a new way to evaluate analogical arguments.
A Physically Realistic, General-Purpose Simulation Environment for Developmental AI Systems — There has long been a need for a simulation environment rich enough to support the development of an AI system sufficiently knowledgeable about physical causality to pass certain tests of Psychometric Artificial Intelligence (PAI) and Psychometric Artificial General Intelligence (PAGI). In this article, we present a simulation environment, PAGI World, which is: cross-platform (as it can be run on all major operating systems); open-source (and thus completely free of charge to use); able to work with AI systems written in almost any programming language; as agnostic as possible regarding which AI approach is used; and easy to set up and get started with. It is our hope that PAGI World will give rise to AI systems that develop truly rich knowledge and representation about how to interact with the world, and will allow AI researchers to test their already-developed systems without the additional overhead of developing a simulation environment of their own. After clarifying both PAI and PAGI, we summarize arguments that there is great need for a simulation environment like PAGI World. We present multiple examples of already-available PAI and PAGI tasks in PAGI World, covering a wide range of research areas of interest to the general-purpose AI community.
David Momoh, associate professor of computer, electrical and information technology, completed an electrical power distribution project with Metaldyne’s Bluffton, Indiana facility.
The project involved power correction and load balancing, which will improve safety and equipment protection. Over time, it will lead to reducing the company’s energy use and lower their electricity bill.
This project was contracted as a Technical Assistance Agreement with funding provided by Metaldyne. It was a follow-up to an earlier project completed by Dr. Momoh through the Purdue TAP program.
Ann Obergfell, dean of the college of health and human services and professor of radiography, was elected president of the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) board at its semiannual meeting in July.
From the ARRT press release:
Obergfell joined the ARRT Board in 2010 and is now midway through her second four-year term, the maximum allowed under ARRT bylaws. She was nominated for ARRT’s Board by the American Society of Radiologic Technologists.
“ARRT’s role in credentialing professionals is critical to the safety and well-being of patients who need medical imaging and radiation therapy procedures,” Obergfell says. “It’s an honor to be a member of the board and humbling to be selected to serve as president.”
Obergfell earned her law degree from the University of Louisville School of Law (Louisville, Kentucky) and has a bachelor’s degree in health service management from Indiana University’s School of Medicine (Indianapolis, Indiana). She also has an associate of science degree in radiologic sciences from Indiana University—Fort Wayne and a certificate in radiologic technology from Parkview Memorial Hospital (Fort Wayne, Indiana).
ARRT is governed by a board of 10, including five technologists nominated by the American Society of Radiologic Technologists, the national professional membership organization representing all areas of the radiologic sciences. A sixth technologist is nominated from a professional membership society identified by ARRT based on its current needs. The remaining four are physicians nominated by the American College of Radiology, the principal membership organization of radiologists, radiation oncologists and clinical medical physicists in the United States.
The article “The Big Event: Using This Day of Service to Teach Management Students About Corporate Social Responsibility” by Kimberly W. O’Connor, assistant professor of organization leadership and supervision, appeared in Management Teaching Review.
From the abstract:
The Big Event is a nationally recognized, student-run day of service where students, faculty, and staff give back to their university’s surrounding community by performing volunteer work. The Big Event can also be used as a resource to teach and reinforce corporate social responsibility (CSR) theories to management students. Students participating in the Big Event see firsthand application of the many CSR concepts they learn in the classroom.
By utilizing the Big Event as a service project, students also gain a better appreciation of the real-world issues and problems that modern organizations often encounter. The service project can be used in a business law or ethics course, in an introductory management course, or in an organizational behavior course, among others. The Big Event is therefore an excellent resource for management educators to use when teaching CSR theories, and it is a wonderful way for students, faculty, and staff to give back to the community.
The article “Understanding the Specialized Needs of Burmese Refugees in U.S. Colleges and Universities” by M. Gail Hickey, professor of education, and Sheena Choi, associate professor of management, appeared in The New English Teacher.
From the abstract:
The recent rapid influx of refugee students into U.S. schools has been a learning experience for all concerned. Not only do U.S. refugees come with memories of trauma, they also have specialized educational needs that differ from international students’ or voluntary migrants’ needs.
Recent refugees have come to the United States with very different socio-historical backgrounds from the majority of U.S. university students. Refugee students have very different stories of integration and incorporation in America than either immigrants or international students. Differentiated experiences demand differentiated treatment.
The scholarship on U.S. refugees in college is scarce. The authors seek to add to the available scholarship by advancing understanding of Burmese refugee students’ specialized educational needs through personal narratives. The authors also hope to improve educational provisions for refugee students through attention to their multiple responsibilities and socio-psychological needs. Finally, the authors recommend effective pedagogical strategies for use with refugee students.